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Seven habits that prevent dementia

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According to statistics, in 2020, more than 55 million people will suffer from dementia, and more than 60% of them live in low- or middle-income countries. According to the prediction of the World Health Organization, this figure will reach more than 78 million people in 2030. But are the methods to prevent dementia effective?

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We have already learned about getting enough sleep for health and preventing dementia, as well as the risk of dementia for isolated people. We also investigated the relationship between delusions caused by the corona virus and dementia. Now, this time we are going to another experiment to investigate ways to prevent dementia.

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According to recent research published in the Medical Journal of the American Academy of Neurology, there are seven habits and lifestyles to prevent dementia that people (especially those who have the disease genetically run in their family) should adopt. (have) to observe them, they will greatly reduce the possibility of dementia.

These seven cardiovascular and health factors, which are also calledThe American Heart Association’s seven simple factorsare also known, compliance with these items includes: Being active, eating healthy, losing weight, avoiding smoking, proper blood pressure, regulating cholesterol and reducing blood sugar.

Adrienne Theinhas a doctorate degree from the University Medical Center Mississippi says:

These habits, which were mentioned in seven simple factors, have been very effective in reducing dementia; But we are still not sure if these seven factors will work for those who are genetically predisposed to this disease or not. But the good news is that even if people have a high genetic risk for this disease, still following these seven factors will not be without grace and their chances of contracting it will be much less.

In this research, 2,738 people with African ancestry and 8,823 people with European ancestry were tracked over 30 years. At the beginning of the trial, the average age of the participants was 54 years.

These seven health factors were scored by participants from 0 to 14, with 0 being the most unhealthy and 14 being the healthiest. Europeans scored an average of 8.3, while Africans scored an average of 6.6.

At the beginning of their work, the researchers measured the risk of genetic disease by the national statistics of the Alzheimer’s genome, which until now has been used for studies of dementia through genetics. Participants of European ancestry were divided into five groups and those of African ancestry into three groups based on their genetic risk score. The group with the highest genetic risk were those who had at least one copy of the APOE gene variant in the APOE e4 subtype, which is associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Among people of European ancestry, 27.9% had the APOE e4 variant, while those of African descent had a score of 40.4% with the APOE e4 variant. The other group had the APOE e2 type, which although had a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s, was still associated with the risk of dementia.

After completing this research, 1,603 Europeans and 631 Africans were diagnosed with dementia.

People with European ancestry were divided into five genetic groups, and the researchers found that all five groups, even the group with the highest risk of developing the disease, were less likely to develop the disease by following the seven healthy habits. With the addition of each of the healthy habits, the risk of developing dementia decreased by 9%.

In these people with European ancestors, those who had a higher score in their lifestyle, compared to the group with a lower score in their lifestyle, have reduced their probability of developing dementia by 30 to 40 percent. Among people of African descent, the researchers found a similar pattern to those who met the seven health factors: the more people met the seven factors, the lower their risk of developing the disease. But the researchers stated that the small number of participants limited the findings, so more research is needed.

“We need more people to more accurately measure the proportion of these seven habits that prevent dementia by reducing the risk of developing it,” said Adrienne Thein.

It should be noted that one of the main limitations of this study; It was the low number of people of African descent, as well as the co-location of African-American people.

This study was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the National Human Genome Research Institute.

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Adib

Adib Zahedi is the CEO and Founder of mazhd.com. He has nearly a decade of experience in IT, including two years spent working on a Youtube Chennal. He is also an author and writes articles for mazhd.com. Has articles include tutorials and covers everything from Windows PCs to smartphone's software.

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